Author: Marvin Wade

Russia called on the US to extend the New START treaty

Russian Foreign Minister on June 11 said Moscow urged Washington to extend the validity of the New START Strategic Offensive Arms Treaty, which expires in 2021, to create space blank for future negotiations on arms control.

Speaking to a reporter on the sidelines of the Primakov Readings international forum in Moscow, Deputy Minister Ryabkov said: “In the context of the prospect of maintaining the New START Russia-US treaty is becoming unclear, strengthening efforts only. It is necessary to maintain the foundation for international security for decades as well as for our national security. “

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According to the official, the agreement should be extended for five more years so that the two sides have time to thoroughly negotiate a new method in the field of arms control. He also stressed: “We need to strengthen the mechanism of the Non-Proliferation Treaty”. At the same time expressed concern about the current situation of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

New START was signed by the US and Russia in 2010, effective on February 5, 2011. The treaty stipulates that each party cuts its nuclear arsenal for 7 years and in the future the total number of weapons does not exceed 700 intercontinental ballistic missiles and ballistic missiles arranged on submarines and Heavy bombers, as well as 1,550 warheads and 800 launchers have been deployed and have not been deployed.

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The treaty also obliged Russia and the United States to exchange information on the number of warheads and vehicles launched twice a year. However, New START will expire in 2021, and so far the prospect of the Washington government’s extension of the treaty is still unclear, although Russia considers New START to be “a cornerstone of world security”.

The US State Department on February 22 published a report that is believed to be counting the number of nuclear weapons and launchers (such as launchers and strategic bombers) in the US arsenal and Russia. This document is part of the New Strategic Arms Reduction and Reduction Treaty (New START) signed by former US President Barack Obama and former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.

Russia supports the US nuclear weapons disarmament initiative

The Russian President’s Press Secretary, Dmitry Peskov said, the Kremlin positively evaluated the idea of ​​US President Donald Trump about the need to destroy nuclear weapons. However, Mr. Peskov also stated: “The idea is great, but it is unclear what specific details as well as the nature of this initiative“.

Earlier, on the same day, Russia’s Interfax news agency cited sources of good news from the US, and the White House is aggressively conducting inter-ministerial negotiations, so that it can submit to President Trump a new draft treaty. cut nuclear weapons, with the participation of both Russia and China.

A senior White House official said: “The president has instructed that arms control must involve Russian and Chinese, and must include all kinds of weapons, warheads, and missiles.” . This treaty will replace the START-3 treaty that is about to expire in 2021.

Meanwhile, on April 26, discussing this issue, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov pointed out the complexity of the nuclear disarmament process. He said that nuclear disarmament has not yet looked directly into reality to be able to solve the problem thoroughly.

Nga ủng hộ sáng kiến giải trừ vũ khí hạt nhân của Mỹ

Earlier, on April 23, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Aleksander Fomin announced that Russia was ready to discuss with the US to extend the START-3 treaty, which was signed by Russia and the US in 2010 in Prague (Czech) and began to have effective from 2011. This agreement provides for the reduction of both parties’ nuclear arsenal to the beginning of 2018, the total number of weapons cannot exceed 700 intercontinental ballistic missiles and bullets directs on submarines and heavy bombers, as well as 1,550 nuclear warheads and 800 launchers. The period of validity of the START-3 agreement lasts 10 years (until 2021) and by that time the two parties may agree to extend the treaty for another five years.

Worldwide, there are nine countries that own nuclear weapons including Russia, the US, France, China, Britain, Pakistan, India, Israel and North Korea. Among them, the number of nuclear weapons that the US and Russia hold accounts for 95% of the total number of nuclear weapons worldwide.

Weapons are too imaginative in the game world

Recalling the early development phase of the FPS game village when there were not many modern war products, the gaming community was always treated with countless games possessing a very attractive super-fiction context, from a The research center is full of alien creatures, a Mars star tinged with hell fire to a weak human space war against extraterrestrial alliances. These contexts and play styles have generated a number of myths that we still have to mention as an indispensable benchmark for FPS products.
But sometimes the imagination of the developers goes beyond the usual framework, turning the rationality into a somewhat exaggerated part that is too unbelievable, especially in the array of weapons. Despite certain logic set out to bring attraction to the players even in the virtual world, many of the game’s weapons are merely a fantasy product that is sometimes too high.

An outing could not be more perfect if the player possessed a high-tech crossbow capable of releasing a super heated metal bar with destructive power, even more ideal for bringing the satisfied with the image of the villain stabbing himself on the wall through the red burning steel bar. All the unimaginable strengths converged in that Crossbow of Half Life 2 make it a weapon of choice every time a player joins in battle.
But this great power and usefulness of Crossbow cannot prevent the unreasonableness it brings. It all started with its special name, a metal rod heated with high-intensity electric current transmitted from the energy battery right in front of the handle. And when the main component of a Crossbow is wood and metal, it also means that users will catch all the heat of a charcoal stick in their hands … Of course if they haven’t been blown before. go a few meters away because of the electricity.

In the world we still know, the current is almost impossible to control the direction, far from the elements of water, fire or light. They are indeterminate, starting from one place but can go to tens of thousands of other places. But in return for their tremendous power, especially in the gaming world when lightening, it paralyzes the target, heavy then burns all into ash. So a proper discharge gun is an extremely powerful weapon that every player wants to have.

The US Navy drafted a process for reporting UFO

The US Navy is a military division of the US Army. This is one of the seven uniform forces of the United States. As of December 31, 2008, the US Navy has about 331,682 existing translators and 124,000 people in the reserve naval force. The US Navy has 284 ships in operation and more than 3,700 aircraft.

The US Navy is the largest naval force in the world; The total tonnage of its combat fleet is greater than the total tonnage of the combat fleet of the next 13 major navies in the world combined. The US Navy also has the largest fleet of aircraft carriers in the world, with 10 aircraft in service and a closed Gerald R. Ford aircraft and will join the Navy in 2019.

The US Navy wants to standardize the process so pilots can report cases of UFO detection into airspace.

Recently there have been reports of unidentified flying objects (UFOs) entering areas controlled by the military or airspace, so the Navy is drafting regulations to ensure all incidents similarly must be notified to the authorities. It is said by the US Navy announced on April 24.

The US Navy insists its professional soldiers and pilots have encountered enough UFOs to be able to report on them systematically and properly. Nick Pope, who participated in the UK government’s UFO investigation projects, welcomed the new regulation and insisted it would help US pilots and naval officers report easy UFO encounters easier.

Earlier, the US Department of Defense has implemented a secret project to “hunt UFO” in the period 2007-2012. Although the US government stopped funding for the project since 2012, the Pentagon continues to investigate the reports about UFOs sent by US military members.

One of three videos declassified by the US Department of Defense in 2017 shows two naval F / A-18 Super Hornet fighters chasing a strange object described by the pilot as “without wings or tails” in touch. forehead in 2004 on the Pacific Ocean. However, American pilots could not catch up to this object.

How did American fighter fighters get shot down

The fighter pilot opened fire and continued his journey without knowing that the warhead launched by the aircraft was rushing towards him.  The Dutch Ministry of Defense recently confirmed that a country’s F-16 fighter was hit by bullets fired by himself during an exercise earlier this year.

The fighter fired a 20 mm caliber M61 cannon when the drill attacked the ground target, then accidentally flew into the right shot. The lucky F-16 was only damaged when the bullet tore the aircraft’s shell, the bullet was sucked into the engine. This was not the first time that a fighter plane had trouble shooting itself. 63 years ago, pilot Thomas Attridge piloted a plane for Grunmman, controlling the F-11 Tiger also had a similar problem.

To test weapons, Attridge sent the aircraft to the sea, and fired four 20 mm caliber Colt Mk 12 guns at an altitude of 3,900 meters. The plane then descended to 2,100 meters and fired a second time, before reaching supersonic speed. At that time, Attridge noticed that the cockpit cover suddenly popped in, the plane shook and the engine appeared many strange sounds.

Attridge then slowed the F-11 and tried to get to the airport. The screen of the aircraft then shows the dangerous state, the engine only has 78% thrust and the right air inlet has a big hole. When 365 meters from the ground, the aircraft engine suddenly stopped working. Attridge lets the plane land by belly down a forest near the airport. The plane broke out, but the pilot was only slightly injured and took six months off.

The investigation later concluded that the F-11F was hit by three 20 mm bullets fired by the aircraft itself. The first bullet pierced the cockpit glass, the second one broke through the nose of the plane, and the last one damaged the right inlet and engine part.

American warships passing through the Taiwan Strait made China angry

The United States sent two warships across the Taiwan Strait on February 25, while US troops increased more activity on the strategic route despite Chinese protests. The fact that the US warship crossed the strait threatens to increase tensions with China, but it is likely to be considered by Taiwan’s self-governing island as a signal emanating from the Trump administration as more and more friction between Taipei and Beijing.

This action took place at the same time that US President Donald Trump said that the United States and China were very close to reaching an agreement to end the trade war. That had lasted for several months making economic growth whole demand slowed and disrupted markets worldwide.

The US naval ship’s passing through the Taiwan Strait also took place just days before the summit meeting between Mr. Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. “The fact that ships pass through the Taiwan Strait shows America’s commitment to the free and open Indian-Pacific region,” the US Pacific Fleet said in a statement.

The statement said two US vessels were identified as Stethem destroyers and Cesar Chavez transports. The 180km Taiwan Strait separates Taiwan from China.  Taiwan’s Ministry of Defense said the US ship had left the strait to a northbound route. Taiwan’s armed forces said they always monitored the movements of these ships and found nothing unusual so there was no reason to be alarmed.

Washington has no official relationship with Taiwan but is legally bound to help protect the island nation and is the country’s main source of weapons. The Pentagon said Washington has sold Taiwan more than 15 billion dollars in weapons since 2010. China is intensifying pressure to assert its sovereignty over the island, which they consider to be a stubborn province of China and sacred territory of China.

The European Parliament called on EU members to stop selling weapons to Saudi Arabia

The British and Spanish governments are under pressure after the European Parliament passed a resolution calling on member countries to stop selling weapons to Saudi Arabia.  The European Parliament’s non-binding recommendation was made amid Saudi Arabia’s murder of Jamal Khashoggi journalist and a series of war crimes in Yemen, leaving half of the population risk of starvation.

Germany has been at the forefront of stopping arms sales to Saudi Arabia and Chancellor Angela Merkel has called on her allies to act like Germany to condemn what she described as a “monstrous” murder. in Saudi consulate in Istanbul. Meanwhile, the European Parliament adopted an uncompromising resolution calling on 28 member states of the “to impose an EU-wide arms embargo on Saudi Arabia”.

However, the resolution faced opposition from Britain and Spain, the two countries are currently exporting many weapons to Saudi Arabia. British Prime Minister Theresa May defended the decision to export arms to Saudi Arabia, saying the British government had strict regulations on arms exports.

What is clear is that, despite the crimes committed by Saudi Arabia, the UK Department of International Trade said the country last year exported to Riyadh more than a billion pounds worth of weapons. And yet, since the war in Yemen took place in 2015 to date, Britain has sold to Saudi Arabia a number of weapons worth up to £ 4.6 billion.

“Brexit is not an excuse for him to give up his moral responsibility. Theresa May must prove that she is willing to stand up to oppose the killing of Khashoggi and to stop selling weapons to Saudi Arabia immediately” , European MP Philippe Lamberts announced.

As soon as the European Parliament made its resolution, Saudi Arabia said the Jamal Khashoggi murder had been planned in advance, contrary to its earlier claims that the murder was only one ear. victims.

In addition to Germany, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau threatened to cancel a multi-million dollar defense contract with Saudi Arabia to punish the country for the killing of Khashoggi. Sweden, Norway, Belgium and Finland also have weapons-free policies for Saudi Arabia.

Weapons frightening for medieval knights

The riding knight was once considered an army that dominated the Middle Ages, but that  was eventually wiped out when new weapons were born. In the Middle Ages, the knights riding majestic steeds were considered the most elite forces in the army of the kingdoms. These knights were mostly from the aristocracy, were trained very carefully and equipped with the best weapons, creating superior strength compared to infantry soldiers.

However, the emergence of many new weapons helped the infantry improve its combat capability and regain its dominance on the battlefield, gradually ending the reign of knights, who remained faithful only with the style of riding a sword and sword, according to the War History.

Historical documents show that crossbows began to appear in Europe from the 1st century, although it has been used in China since 600 BC. However, for many centuries, crossbows were mainly used by Europeans for hunting purposes, not considered a weapon on the battlefield.

European knights are always despised, because they consider them to be super gallant weapons, not suitable for aristocratic fighting style. A normal person who had been trained in the past was able to use crossbow to lower a knight wearing armor at a distance from quite far away.

The bow shot is an ancient English palace. The body of the bow is made of pine wood, ash wood, rosewood, mulberry …, the bowstring is made of hemp, flax, or silk and fits well on both ends of the bow, originally used by hunters widely used.

When brought into the battlefield, the bow shot will be became a British weapon of good use against horse-riding knights. Its powerful firing force combined with an iron sharp arrowhead can penetrate the knight’s armor from a distance, causing them to collapse before reaching the enemy.

New generation Chinese weapons will be deployed next year

The Chinese military is about to launch a series of new generation weapons to realize its military modernization goal.

China has recently invested heavily in military potential and has achieved many great advances in defense technology. Many key weapons believed to be able to significantly improve the country’s military capacity will be completed and staffed in 2019, according to SCMP. China’s first domestic carrier Type 001A underwent three sea trials in 2018 and is expected to go into operation in 2019.

Based on the design of Liaoning aircraft carrier, China has built Type 001A since 2013, with some improvements such as upgrading radar systems, integrating command centers and especially expanding hangars, allowing ships to carry 32 J-15 fighters instead of 26 aircraft.

However, Type 001A still uses the traditional take-off type, which is considered a backward design and limits the load of flagship. This made Type 001A more likely to still be used only in China’s near sea combat missions. After the payroll, this domestic carrier will be named after a Chinese province.

In 2019, the Chinese Navy will also receive the first Type 055 destroyer series after completing sea trials starting in August. The destroyer equipped with this guided missile has a stretch. water to 12,000 tons, much larger than conventional destroyers and will play the main escort role in Beijing’s future aircraft carrier group.

Type 055 is designed based on the Type 052D missile destroyer and is expected by the Chinese navy to become a rival to the American invisible Zumwalt class destroyer.

In terms of weapons, Type-055 is believed to have 128 vertical launchers (VLS) to fire anti-aircraft missiles and other types of ammunition, six more than the Ticonderoga-class cruiser, the surface-mounted class of ships. most of the US Navy’s weapons.

The Chinese military in late November may have for the first time successfully tested the long-range ballistic missile JL-3 from an improved Type-032 (Qing class) submarine on the Bohai Sea.

China secretly developed submarine “extermination” weapons

Chinese scientists have recently developed satellites capable of detecting submarine activity targets at a depth of 500 meters above sea level.

The SCMP news reported recently that Chinese scientists have developed a type of satellite that uses laser technology used in anti-submarine warfare, believed to be able to detect targets under the sea. 500m, the maximum depth that most military submarines in the world can reach.

This is the latest research project under Beijing’s deep sea surveillance capacity building program. In addition to detecting submarines, the satellite will also be used to collect ocean data in all waters of the world. The project called Guanlan was launched in May at the National Marine Science and Technology Laboratory in Qingdao and Shandong island.

Song Xiaoquan, a research project participant, said if the team of scientists could develop satellites as planned, it would make the upper layer of the ocean “more or less transparent”. ‘That will change almost everything,” Song said.

According to scientists, light in a water environment is blurred 1,000 times faster than in the air and the sun cannot penetrate the depth of more than 200m below the surface of the sea, while an artificial laser beam has a capacity High may be a billion times brighter than the Sun.

This is an ambitious project. Because for more than half a century, naval researchers around the world have tried to develop a laser beam to hunt submarines using technology known as Lidar. Theoretically, Lidar technology works as follows, when the laser beam hits an object like a submarine, some pulses of light are bounced back. Then, they are collected and analyzed by sensors to determine the position, speed and 3D shape of the target.

However, in fact, Lidar technology can be affected by the limitation of equipment capacity or objective conditions such as clouds, fog, dark water or even marine creatures like whales. Besides, the laser beam can also be deflected and dispersed when it moves from one water body to another.